Wool fabric has a comfort food sense about it. When I think of this amazing natural fiber, I feel cozy and warm. Wait you say, it's scratchy and not easy to wear. Wool fibres have come a long way since then. Keep reading and you may change your mind about this wonderful product of nature.
Wool can keep us stay dry and warm in the winter and cool in the summer. It is resistant to mold and mildew and is very durable for a long life of wearing.
Wool fibres have been improved on over time, to eliminate the scratchy feel it can be known for.
It's blended with other fibers to give different looks and feel. Wool still carries the practical and durable properties it has over the ages. It remains one of my favorite fabrics to work with.
Preshrink wool boucle, by holding a steam iron just above the fabric. Use the "with nap" layout, if your fabric is plaid.
Use sharp scissors and mark your pieces with tailor tacks. You can use silk, cotton, or polyester thread and 80/12 machine needle.A longer stitch length of 2.5 mm to 3.0 mm is best to use for this wool fabric and use a walking foot. Serge your seam allowances or use a zig zag stich if you do not have a serger.
Wool boucle is a heavy weave fabric that doesn't accommodate flowing garment styles, or style with too many design feature. Choose styles that are semi fitted and simple. The fabric makes up for the lack of design, in that it is textured and interesting on it's own.
Wool crepe comes in many colors these are just some of the options. The weight is medium with out being too heavy. It works well for structured garments such as fitted dresses, pants and skirts.
Wool gauze is lovely for flowing skirts and tops. Wool gauze is best for any type of loose fitting garments. Multi layers are sometimes needed, as it is sheer. When you think of wool fabric you may not think of sheer fabric, but that is the wonderful aspect of any fibre. They can be spun into so many weights and thickness.
Wool gauze is not very stable so it is a good idea to secure stress seams such as crotch areas and armholes and neck areas with twill tape. Pre shrink wool gauze with a steam iron and dry-clean the finished garment. Use a “without nap” layout, found in the pattern directions. Mark with tailor chalk.
If you use interfacing, use organza, it is stiff
but transparent, so you will not risk the interfacing showing through
the wool gauze.
You can use cotton or polyester
Straight stitch presser foot
is all that is needed.
Use a 70/10 machine needle.
French seams work the best for seam finishing. You can
the seams on any guaze fabric, but I find the seams stretch slightly and
French seams give a cleaner seam finish. To hem wool gauze, I recommend
with either a serger, or a regular
Wool jersey is very luxurious wool fabric. It drapes and feels wonderful and wrinkles are minimal.
Best used for garments that flow, for example wrapped tops and dresses. If you do make pants out of wool jersey, use twill tape in the crotch area to reinforce the seam.
Here are three examples of Butterick patterns that are suitable for wool jersey fabric.
Pre shrink wool jersey with a steam iron and let dry completely before you handle the fabric. It tends to stretch when it is wet or damp and may distort the grain line.
Cotton polyester wrapped, polyester or silk thread
can be used, with a 75/11 stretch machine needle.
Use a straight stitch presser foot and a tiny zigzag stitch or a stretch stitch, if you have it on your machine. Use a straight stitch, on horizontal seams and top stitching details.