Spandex fabric, Elastine and Lycra are three common names for this man made stretch fiber.
It was originally created by Joseph Shivers, a chemist with DuPont, in 1959.
This wonder fiber changed the fabric industry forever. Spandex is commonly known for swimwear and exercise wear. However, it has been blended with everything from denim, cotton, linen, wool, and even silk.
When spandex is blended with cotton, and nylon, it is commonly used for exercise wear and swim suits. Like the examples below.
When spandex is blended with woven fabric, it gives comfort to garments, such as fitted jackets, pants, and skirts.
Where To Buy Spandex Fabric
Spandex fabric is readily available. You can find spandex at your local fabric stores such as Joann’s , or you can shop online. Here are a few fabric stores that carry a variety of spandex fabrics.
Preshrinking is not necessary for nylon spandex, however, cotton, linen and wool blends should be preshrunk.
Cotton and linen can be washed on a gentle cycle with a mild detergent and dry on low.
Heat will break the spandex fibers down over time, so hanging garments to dry is a better choice.
Do not use bleach on spandex, bleach also will break down the
When making swim suits or exercise wear it is recommended to have a four way stretch sewing fabric.
This means the fabric has stretch both up and down and side to side.
Your sewing pattern will tell you if it is a good choice for Lycra fabric or not if you are using a commercial sewing pattern. If you are drafting your own pattern, typically you would use a spandex/lycra fabric if you need stretch or a certain amount of “give” when you move.
How To Sew Spandex Knit:
Use sharp pins so as not to snag the fabric with dull pins.
Thread should be good quality polyester. Try Gutermann, Coats & Clark, you can't go wrong with these brands.
is always polyester. Polyester adds stretch to your seams, helping to eliminate breaking.
with a steam iron on medium temperature.
Be careful when using a regular sewing machine, not to pull fabric through the feed dogs. You will get puckered seams.
Use a small zigzag or stretch stitch.