The definition of sewing seams is the stitching of two or more layers of fabric, animal hide, or other materials together with stitches.
Before the sewing machine was invented and available to everyone, stitching was done with needle and thread by hand. We have come a long way since then. Hand sewing is a very important part of any sewing project, but I’m grateful to have access to my sewing machines.
There are many different ways to execute a sewing seam. Here are few to get you started.
The most common of seam stitches is the straight stitch seam. However, there are many versions of this seam and many seams that are better suited to different fabrics.
Below are examples of different kinds of sewing seams and seam finishing that is best suited for the fabrics you may be using.
Using your straight stitch presser foot , sew a straight line, 5/8" in from the edge. Press open with a steam iron. You can really only get away with not finishing a seam edge if your fabric does not ravel easily. I recommend finishing your seam with any of the following finishing techniques.
As well, you can use this seam when you want to leave room for growth in a garment. An example would be in the side seam of a skirt for a child.
The flat felled seam, is a good seam used for denim fabric and other woven fabrics to give extra strength to stress areas like the inner thigh of jeans. Flat felled seams are also used for decorative interest. The sewing foot below is a foot specifically used to make a flat felled seam faster and easier that by hand, but the instructions below will show you how to do this seam without it.
Please Note: If you purchase a sewing foot like this one, make sure it is compatible to your specific sewing machine.
With right sides of fabric together, sew your straight stitch seam.
Stitch a straight seam allowance parallel to the original seam.
The French seam is best suited for sheer fabrics. Your seam stitches will not show and it is clean and professional.
Sew a straight seam with wrong sides of fabric together and right side of fabric showing, 1/4" from the fabric edge.
There are a few different types of stretch stitches you can use on a regular sewing machine , depending on the type of machine you have.
I do not use this stitch for sewing full seams, only because it takes a while for my sewing machine
to complete a seam. As the name says, it literally stitches three
times, before it moves to the next stitch. So this stitch is time
Where this stitch is most useful is in high stress areas.
Your sewing machine will come with various sewing feet depending on the brand and if you purchase new or used, but there are many sewing feet that will come in very handy for making different seam techniques. Buying sewing feet individually can be quite costly. Here is a sewing machine feet set that is universal to the common brand name sewing machines on the market. This could be a great alternative to purchasing feet separately.
The photo is an example of a machine basted stitch used in the zipper construction of a centered zipper.